What is public access to shorelines? When is it required?

Public access is a preferred use per the SMA. Public access can be physical access (e.g. trail) and/or visual access (e.g. view corridors). Public access standards apply to new development, not existing development. Generally, new public access is only required for private uses of certain sizes (e.g. large subdivisions, resorts, etc.) and for public uses. Public access requirements do not allow for trespass on private property. 

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1. What is a Shoreline Master Program (SMP)?
2. Where does this apply?
3. What is a periodic update of the SMP?
4. How do shoreline regulations apply to land use and development activities?
5. What is a Shoreline Exemption and what is required to obtain approval?
6. How does the SMP affect existing uses and development?
7. What is public access to shorelines? When is it required?
8. What is No Net Loss?